Discover Logistics with SAP: SAP ERP and SAP SCM

Discover Logistics with SAP: SAP ERP and SAP SCM

2013
978-1-59229-926-3
414

Product Details

• Discover how SAP Logistics benefits an organization
• Improve your supply chain and transportation processes
• Complete guide to SAP‘s logistics solutions with SAP ERP and SAP SCM
• 2nd edition, updated and expanded

From goods issue and goods receipt, to procurement, to inventory and warehousing, the pace of logistics is picking up. Keep yours moving with this reader-friendly guide to SAP ERP and SAP SCM. Learn how each component works, the advantages it offers, and how this fully integrated solution addresses the challenges facing today’s companies. Improve logistics efficiency in key areas, such as product planning, plant maintenance, and sales and distribution.

Logistics Processes
Walk through the key logistics processes enabled by SAP ERP and SAP SCM: procurement and logistics execution, product development and manufacturing, and sales and service components.

Practical Application
Apply tips and techniques gleaned from detailed case studies to your own logistics processes. 

New Technologies
Keep up with changes in available logistics functionality with coverage on SAP HANA, Ariba, and the Logistics Rapid Deployment Solution.

Clear and Concise
Learn about the SAP Logistics solutions without the technical jargon.

Updated and Expanded
This second edition unites SAP ERP and SAP SCM logistics coverage. New topics include SAP APO, SAP PLM, and SAP EWM.

Highlights  

• SAP ERP
• SAP SCM
• Procurement
• Inventory management
• Warehouse management
• Inbound and outbound logistics
• Product planning
• Manufacturing operations
• Plant maintenance
• Quality management
• Sales and service
• SAP Transportation Management
• SAP HANA

The Author

Martin Murray has implemented logistics and materials management solutions in projects throughout the world. Martin is employed by IBM Global Business Services and has over 20 years of professional experience with SAP Logistics and Materials Management. This is his eleventh SAP PRESS book.

Table of Contents

  • ... Preface ... 17
  • ... Acknowledgments ... 23
  • PART I ... Procurement and Logistics Execution ... 25
  • 1 ... Introduction to Logistics with SAP ... 27
  • ... Origins of SAP ... 27
  • ... SAP and Logistics ... 30
  • ... Logistics Functionality ... 34
  • ... Procurement and Logistics Execution ... 34
  • ... Product Development and Manufacturing ... 35
  • ... Sales and Service ... 37
  • ... Conclusion ... 39
  • 2 ... Procurement ... 41
  • ... SAP Organization Structure ... 41
  • ... Creating the Client Landscape ... 42
  • ... Company Code ... 43
  • ... Plant ... 44
  • ... Storage Location ... 45
  • ... Warehouse ... 46
  • ... Storage Type ... 47
  • ... Storage Section ... 48
  • ... Storage Bin ... 48
  • ... Purchasing Organization Structure ... 48
  • ... Purchasing Organization ... 49
  • ... Purchasing Group ... 52
  • ... Purchasing Process ... 53
  • ... Purchasing Best Practices ... 53
  • ... Purchase Requisition ... 55
  • ... Request for Quotation (RFQ) ... 57
  • ... Quotation ... 58
  • ... Purchase Order ... 58
  • ... Accounts Payable and Invoice Verification ... 61
  • ... Three-way Match ... 62
  • ... Evaluated Receipt Settlement ... 63
  • ... SAP Supply Network Collaboration ... 65
  • ... Master Data ... 65
  • ... Demand ... 66
  • ... Purchase Order Collaboration ... 70
  • ... Supply Network Inventory (SNI) ... 71
  • ... Demand Collaboration ... 72
  • ... Invoice Collaboration ... 72
  • ... Ariba ... 73
  • ... Buyer Solutions ... 74
  • ... Seller Solutions ... 75
  • ... Financial Supply Chain Management ... 76
  • ... Summary ... 76
  • 3 ... Inventory Management ... 79
  • ... Plant Structure ... 80
  • ... Plant ... 80
  • ... Storage Location ... 82
  • ... Goods Movements ... 83
  • ... Goods Receipt ... 84
  • ... Goods Issue ... 84
  • ... Returns ... 85
  • ... Reservations ... 86
  • ... Stock Transfers and Transfer Postings ... 87
  • ... Physical Inventory ... 93
  • ... Physical Inventory Procedures ... 93
  • ... Preparing for the Physical Count ... 94
  • ... Performing the Physical Count ... 95
  • ... Count Discrepancies ... 95
  • ... Completing the Physical Inventory ... 96
  • ... Summary ... 97
  • 4 ... Warehouse Management ... 99
  • ... Warehouse Structure ... 100
  • ... Warehouse ... 101
  • ... Storage Types ... 102
  • ... Storage Section ... 103
  • ... Storage Bin ... 104
  • ... Quant ... 105
  • ... Warehouse Movements ... 107
  • ... Movements Triggered by SAP Inventory Management ... 108
  • ... Transfer Requirement ... 108
  • ... Transfer Order ... 110
  • ... Printing Transfer Orders ... 113
  • ... SAP Extended Warehouse Management ... 115
  • ... Organizational Structure ... 116
  • ... Documents ... 119
  • ... Warehouse Processes ... 119
  • ... Summary ... 121
  • 5 ... Inbound and Outbound Logistics ... 123
  • ... Inbound Logistics ... 124
  • ... Shipping Notification ... 124
  • ... Manually Created Inbound Deliveries ... 125
  • ... Delivery Monitor ... 126
  • ... Goods Receipt ... 127
  • ... Outbound Logistics ... 131
  • ... Outbound Delivery ... 131
  • ... Picking ... 132
  • ... Packing Using Handling Units ... 134
  • ... Goods Issue ... 134
  • ... Proof of Delivery ... 136
  • ... Summary ... 136
  • PART II ... Product Development and Manufacturing ... 139
  • 6 ... Product Planning ... 141
  • ... Sales and Operations Planning ... 142
  • ... Standard Sales and Operations Planning ... 142
  • ... Flexible Sales and Operations Planning ... 144
  • ... Master Data in Sales and Operations Planning ... 144
  • ... Reporting ... 145
  • ... Forecasting and Replenishment ... 149
  • ... Integration with SAP Retail ... 149
  • ... Demand Influencing Factors ... 149
  • ... Forecasting and Replenishment Processor ... 151
  • ... Order Proposal Management ... 151
  • ... Demand Management in SAP ERP ... 152
  • ... Make-to-stock Strategy ... 153
  • ... Make-to-order Strategy ... 154
  • ... Strategy for Configurable Materials ... 155
  • ... Planned Independent Requirements ... 156
  • ... Customer Requirements ... 157
  • ... SAP Advanced Planning and Optimization ... 159
  • ... Supply Chain Model ... 159
  • ... Supply Chain Cockpit ... 160
  • ... Supply Chain Collaboration ... 162
  • ... Service Parts Planning ... 163
  • ... Transportation Management ... 164
  • ... Supply Network Planning ... 165
  • ... Supply Network Planning Process ... 165
  • ... Safety Stock Planning ... 167
  • ... Source Determination ... 168
  • ... Demand Planning in APO ... 169
  • ... Demand Planning Process ... 169
  • ... Characteristics-based Forecasting ... 172
  • ... Characteristics-dependent Planning ... 173
  • ... Customer Forecast Management ... 173
  • ... Materials Requirements Planning ... 173
  • ... Planning with MRP ... 174
  • ... Executing the Planning Run ... 174
  • ... Global Available-to-Promise ... 177
  • ... Product Availability Check ... 177
  • ... Product Allocation ... 178
  • ... Forecast ... 179
  • ... Rules-based ATP Check ... 179
  • ... Multi-item Single Delivery ... 179
  • ... Production Capable-to-Promise ... 179
  • ... Production Multi-level ATP Check ... 180
  • ... Summary ... 180
  • 7 ... Manufacturing Operations ... 183
  • ... Manufacturing Structure ... 184
  • ... Work Centers ... 184
  • ... Bill of Materials ... 188
  • ... Routings ... 190
  • ... Routings for Configurable Materials ... 191
  • ... Production Resources and Tools ... 192
  • ... Shop Floor Control ... 193
  • ... Production Order ... 193
  • ... Confirming a Production Order ... 198
  • ... Production Order Settlement ... 200
  • ... Printing Shop Papers ... 201
  • ... Order Information System ... 202
  • ... Product Costing ... 203
  • ... Cost Estimate with a Quantity Structure ... 204
  • ... Cost Estimate without a Quantity Structure ... 205
  • ... Summary ... 206
  • 8 ... Plant Maintenance ... 209
  • ... Maintenance Organization Structure ... 210
  • ... Functional Location ... 210
  • ... Equipment ... 213
  • ... Preventive Maintenance ... 218
  • ... Maintenance Task List ... 218
  • ... Maintenance Plans ... 221
  • ... Maintenance Scheduling ... 223
  • ... Maintenance Processing ... 226
  • ... Maintenance Notifications ... 226
  • ... Converting Notifications to Maintenance Orders ... 229
  • ... Maintenance Orders ... 229
  • ... Summary ... 233
  • 9 ... Quality Management ... 235
  • ... Quality Management Structure ... 237
  • ... Catalog ... 237
  • ... Code Groups ... 237
  • ... Code ... 237
  • ... Selected Set ... 238
  • ... Inspection Characteristic ... 239
  • ... Quality Planning ... 239
  • ... Material Specification ... 240
  • ... Inspection Plan ... 241
  • ... Quality Notifications ... 243
  • ... Customer Complaint ... 243
  • ... Complaint against a Vendor ... 244
  • ... Internal Problem Report ... 245
  • ... Notification Monitoring ... 246
  • ... Quality Inspections ... 247
  • ... Inspection Lot ... 248
  • ... Recording Results ... 250
  • ... Defects Recording ... 252
  • ... Usage Decision ... 252
  • ... Quality Certificates ... 254
  • ... Reporting ... 255
  • ... Summary ... 258
  • PART III ... Sales and Service ... 259
  • 10 ... Sales Order Management ... 261
  • ... Sales Structure ... 262
  • ... Sales Organization ... 263
  • ... Distribution Channel ... 264
  • ... Sales Division ... 265
  • ... Sales Office ... 266
  • ... Sales Group ... 267
  • ... Sales Ordering ... 268
  • ... Customer ... 268
  • ... Customer Inquiry ... 271
  • ... Customer Quotation ... 272
  • ... Sales Order ... 273
  • ... Scheduling Agreement ... 274
  • ... Contract ... 275
  • ... Credit Memo ... 279
  • ... Shipping Processes ... 280
  • ... Packing ... 280
  • ... Outbound Delivery ... 281
  • ... Goods Issue ... 282
  • ... Billing Function ... 282
  • ... Billing Process ... 282
  • ... Creating Billing Documents ... 284
  • ... Reporting ... 285
  • ... Summary ... 288
  • 11 ... Customer Service ... 291
  • ... Service Structure ... 293
  • ... Material ... 293
  • ... Equipment ... 294
  • ... Functional Location ... 295
  • ... Installed Base ... 296
  • ... Service Agreement ... 297
  • ... Service Contract ... 298
  • ... Warranty ... 302
  • ... Service Processing ... 304
  • ... Service Notification ... 305
  • ... Activity Report ... 306
  • ... Service Order ... 307
  • ... Repair Order ... 308
  • ... Confirmation ... 311
  • ... Billing ... 312
  • ... Customer Relationship Management ... 313
  • ... Installation Management ... 313
  • ... Service Contract ... 314
  • ... Service Plan ... 314
  • ... Service Order Management ... 315
  • ... Complaints and Returns Management ... 316
  • ... Summary ... 317
  • 12 ... Transportation Management ... 319
  • ... Transportation Planning ... 320
  • ... Transportation Planning Point ... 321
  • ... Shipping Type ... 321
  • ... Routes and Stages ... 322
  • ... Forwarding Agent ... 324
  • ... Shipment ... 325
  • ... Transportation Planning List ... 328
  • ... Shipment Status Monitor ... 329
  • ... Freight Costs ... 330
  • ... Modes of Transportation ... 330
  • ... Shipping Rates ... 333
  • ... Shipping Costs ... 335
  • ... Transportation Execution ... 336
  • ... Check-in List ... 336
  • ... Shipment Completion List ... 337
  • ... Posting Goods Issue ... 338
  • ... Summary ... 339
  • PART IV ... Implementation and New Technologies ... 341
  • 13 ... Implementation ... 343
  • ... SAP ERP Implementation ... 343
  • ... Why Implement SAP? ... 344
  • ... Implementation Methodologies ... 345
  • ... ASAP Methodology ... 346
  • ... Project Preparation ... 348
  • ... Business Blueprint ... 350
  • ... Realization ... 352
  • ... Final Preparation ... 353
  • ... Go-live and Support ... 354
  • ... Operate ... 356
  • ... Logistics Rapid Deployment Solutions (RDS) ... 356
  • ... Benefits of RDS ... 357
  • ... Implementing an RDS ... 357
  • ... Total Cost of Ownership ... 359
  • ... History of Total Cost of Ownership ... 359
  • ... Direct and Indirect Costs ... 359
  • ... Calculating the Total Cost of Ownership ... 361
  • ... Return on Investment ... 362
  • ... Objective Measurements ... 363
  • ... Subjective Measurements ... 364
  • ... Summary ... 366
  • 14 ... New Technologies and Conclusion ... 367
  • ... SAP NetWeaver ... 367
  • ... Integration ... 368
  • ... Key Benefits ... 368
  • ... Service-Oriented Architecture ... 369
  • ... Services and SOA ... 369
  • ... SOA with Enterprises ... 370
  • ... Enterprise Services Bundles ... 371
  • ... SAP Supplier Relationship Management ... 372
  • ... Core SRM Functionality ... 373
  • ... Supplier Collaboration ... 374
  • ... Supplier Base Management ... 374
  • ... SAP Product Lifecycle Management ... 374
  • ... History of PLM ... 374
  • ... Benefits of SAP PLM ... 375
  • ... PLM Integration ... 375
  • ... SAP PLM Functionality ... 375
  • ... Mobility and Logistics ... 377
  • ... SAP Mobile Platform ... 377
  • ... Mobile Platform Solution ... 378
  • ... SAP HANA ... 379
  • ... Real-Time Analytics ... 379
  • ... Real-Time Applications ... 380
  • ... Advantages of SAP HANA ... 381
  • ... Conclusion ... 382
  • ... Lessons Learned ... 382
  • ... Future Direction ... 386
  • ... Appendices ... 389
  • A ... Bibliography ... 391
  • B ... Glossary ... 393
  • C ... The Author ... 403
  • ... Index ... 405