Configuring Controlling in SAP ERP

Configuring Controlling in SAP ERP

2012
978-1-59229-401-5
547

Product Details

• Understand the CO component and how to make it work for you
• Connect the CO subcomponents in SAP ERP and integrate them in your implementation
• Master the customizing of CO in SAP ERP Financials to meet your business needs

Finally—your one-stop resource to SAP ERP Controlling configuration has arrived! If you are involved in the initial implementation or the ongoing maintenance of a CO solution, this book delivers the hands-on advice you need to smooth the customizing process. By accessing the screenshots, detailed instructions, and technical background information offered here, you’ll be ready to give management the control over the business that it needs!

The Complete CO Picture
Understand the CO module in all its details and aspects—from Cost Element Accounting to Product Cost Controlling and Profit Center Accounting.

Practical Guidance
Take control of your customizing by referencing step-by-step instructions and hundreds of screenshots that will guide you through the configuration process.

Assembling the Pieces
Learn how each part of the CO component interacts with the others, and plan how your overall CO structure should look.

Best Practices
Take advantage of best practices, tips, and tricks, and facilitate efficient management accounting, reporting, and analysis processes to maximize productivity.

Your Desktop Reference
Whether you are implementing CO for the first time or maintaining and extending an existing system, this book will be your companion in your daily tasks.

Highlights

• Archiving
• Cost Element Accounting
• Cost Center Accounting
• Internal Orders
• Activity-Based Costing
• Product Cost Controlling
• Profitability Analysis
• Profit Center Accounting

The Authors

Rogerio Faleiros is an electronics engineer who has acquired significant experience customizing CO in businesses of several sizes and types, including multinational integration of systems and plants. Alison Kreis Ryan has 25 years of experience with financial and management reporting and the implementation of SAP ERP systems, process improvements, and information technology.

Table of Contents

  • ... Acknowledgments ... 13
  • ... Preface ... 15
  • ... Introduction ... 17
  • 1 ... General Controlling ... 21
  • 1.1 ... Organization ... 26
  • 1.1.1 ... Creating the Controlling Area ... 32
  • 1.1.2 ... Maintain Number Ranges for Controlling Documents ... 38
  • 1.1.3 ... Maintain Versions ... 41
  • 1.2 ... Account Assignment Logic ... 49
  • 1.2.1 ... Define Validation ... 49
  • 1.2.2 ... Define Substitutions ... 58
  • 1.3 ... Production Start-Up Preparation ... 62
  • 1.3.1 ... Transport System Settings ... 62
  • 1.3.2 ... Delete Test Data ... 64
  • 1.3.3 ... Set "Update All Currencies" Indicator ... 65
  • 1.3.4 ... Follow-Up Posting ... 66
  • 1.4 ... Archiving ... 68
  • 1.5 ... Summary ... 70
  • 2 ... Cost Element Accounting ... 71
  • 2.1 ... Master Data ... 72
  • 2.1.1 ... Automatic Creation of Primary and Secondary Cost Elements ... 76
  • 2.1.2 ... Cost Element Groups ... 79
  • 2.1.3 ... Cost Element Attributes and Cost Element Attributes Mix ... 81
  • 2.1.4 ... Time-Based Fields for Cost Elements ... 83
  • 2.2 ... Accrual Calculation ... 85
  • 2.3 ... Information System ... 91
  • 2.4 ... Summary ... 94
  • 3 ... Cost Center Accounting ... 97
  • 3.1 ... Master Data ... 99
  • 3.1.1 ... Cost Center Master Data ... 100
  • 3.1.2 ... Activity Types ... 106
  • 3.1.3 ... Statistical Key Figures ... 112
  • 3.1.4 ... Resources ... 114
  • 3.2 ... Planning ... 114
  • 3.2.1 ... Basic Settings for Planning ... 115
  • 3.2.2 ... Manual Planning ... 119
  • 3.2.3 ... Planning Aids ... 125
  • 3.2.4 ... Plan Data Transfer ... 129
  • 3.2.5 ... Allocations ... 130
  • 3.3 ... Budget Management ... 153
  • 3.4 ... Commitments and Funds Commitments ... 155
  • 3.5 ... Actual Postings ... 156
  • 3.5.1 ... Manual Actual Postings ... 156
  • 3.5.2 ... Period-End Closing ... 158
  • 3.5.3 ... Variances ... 159
  • 3.6 ... Information System ... 162
  • 3.7 ... Summary ... 167
  • 4 ... Internal Orders ... 169
  • 4.1 ... Master Data ... 171
  • 4.1.1 ... Define Order Type ... 171
  • 4.1.2 ... Status Management ... 176
  • 4.2 ... Planning ... 183
  • 4.2.1 ... Basic Settings ... 183
  • 4.2.2 ... Manual Planning ... 184
  • 4.2.3 ... Maintain Settlement ... 187
  • 4.3 ... Budgeting and Availability Control ... 198
  • 4.3.1 ... Maintain Budget Profile ... 198
  • 4.3.2 ... Maintain Number Ranges for Budgeting ... 200
  • 4.3.3 ... Define Tolerance Limits for Availability Control ... 201
  • 4.3.4 ... Specify Exempt Cost Elements from Availability Control ... 202
  • 4.3.5 ... Set Up Availability Control Again ... 203
  • 4.3.6 ... Maintain Budget Manager ... 204
  • 4.4 ... Commitments and Funds Commitments ... 206
  • 4.5 ... Actual Postings ... 208
  • 4.6 ... Information System ... 210
  • 4.7 ... Summary ... 214
  • 5 ... Activity-Based Costing ... 217
  • 5.1 ... Master Data ... 219
  • 5.2 ... Templates ... 224
  • 5.3 ... Planning ... 232
  • 5.3.1 ... Maintain Versions ... 232
  • 5.3.2 ... Group Maintenance ... 232
  • 5.3.3 ... Manual Planning ... 233
  • 5.3.4 ... Plan Data Transfer ... 233
  • 5.3.5 ... Allocations ... 233
  • 5.4 ... Actual Postings ... 234
  • 5.5 ... Information System ... 235
  • 5.6 ... Summary ... 239
  • 6 ... Product Cost Controlling ... 241
  • 6.1 ... Product Cost Planning ... 243
  • 6.1.1 ... Material Master Data ... 243
  • 6.1.2 ... Basic Settings for Material Costing ... 255
  • 6.1.3 ... Material Cost Estimate with Quantity Structure ... 266
  • 6.1.4 ... Costing Variant ... 283
  • 6.1.5 ... Create Cost Estimate ... 292
  • 6.1.6 ... Mark Standard Price ... 296
  • 6.1.7 ... Release Planned Price Changes ... 299
  • 6.2 ... Cost Object Controlling ... 301
  • 6.2.1 ... Product Cost by Period ... 301
  • 6.3 ... Actual Costing/Material Ledger ... 335
  • 6.3.1 ... Material Update ... 339
  • 6.3.2 ... Actual Costing ... 344
  • 6.4 ... Information System ... 350
  • 6.4.1 ... Product Cost Planning ... 350
  • 6.4.2 ... Cost Object Controlling ... 353
  • 6.4.3 ... Actual Costing/Material Ledger ... 356
  • 6.5 ... Summary ... 359
  • 7 ... Profitability Analysis ... 361
  • 7.1 ... Structures ... 362
  • 7.1.1 ... Characteristics ... 363
  • 7.1.2 ... Value Fields ... 369
  • 7.1.3 ... Operating Concern ... 371
  • 7.1.4 ... Assign Controlling Area to an Operating Concern ... 378
  • 7.2 ... Activate CO-PA for a Controlling Area ... 379
  • 7.3 ... Master Data ... 380
  • 7.3.1 ... Characteristic Values ... 381
  • 7.3.2 ... Characteristic Derivation ... 384
  • 7.3.3 ... Valuation ... 388
  • 7.4 ... Flows of Actual Values ... 406
  • 7.4.1 ... Transfer of Incoming Sales Orders ... 407
  • 7.4.2 ... Transfer of Billing Documents ... 410
  • 7.4.3 ... Order and Project Settlement ... 412
  • 7.4.4 ... Transfer of Overhead ... 417
  • 7.5 ... Planning ... 419
  • 7.6 ... Information System ... 434
  • 7.6.1 ... Define Forms for a Profitability Report ... 434
  • 7.6.2 ... Create a Profitability Report ... 437
  • 7.7 ... Tools ... 442
  • 7.7.1 ... Transport ... 442
  • 7.7.2 ... Subsequent Posting of SD Documents ... 444
  • 7.8 ... Summary ... 446
  • 8 ... Profit Center Accounting ... 449
  • 8.1 ... Basic Settings ... 450
  • 8.2 ... Master Data ... 454
  • 8.3 ... Assignments of Account Assignment Objects to Profit Centers ... 464
  • 8.4 ... Transfer Prices ... 465
  • 8.4.1 ... Maintain Currency and Valuation Profile ... 467
  • 8.4.2 ... Create Versions for Valuation Methods ... 469
  • 8.4.3 ... Activate the Material Ledger ... 472
  • 8.4.4 ... Set Up EC-PCA Transfer Price ... 474
  • 8.4.5 ... Create Costing Variant for EC-PCA ... 485
  • 8.4.6 ... Activate Multiple Valuation Approach ... 488
  • 8.4.7 ... Transfer Price Example ... 489
  • 8.5 ... Planning ... 498
  • 8.5.1 ... Basic Settings for Planning ... 499
  • 8.5.2 ... Manual Planning ... 500
  • 8.5.3 ... Formula Planning ... 500
  • 8.5.4 ... Plan Data Transfer ... 500
  • 8.5.5 ... Allocations ... 506
  • 8.6 ... Actual Postings ... 506
  • 8.6.1 ... Basic Settings ... 507
  • 8.6.2 ... Choose Additional Balance Sheet and P&L Accounts ... 509
  • 8.6.3 ... Period-End Closing ... 512
  • 8.6.4 ... Transferring Selected Balance Sheet Items ... 512
  • 8.6.5 ... Actual Data Transfer ... 517
  • 8.7 ... Preparation for Consolidation ... 522
  • 8.7.1 ... Derivation: Partner Profit Center in Purchasing and Sales ... 522
  • 8.7.2 ... Read Purchase Orders/Sales Orders ... 524
  • 8.8 ... Information System ... 525
  • 8.9 ... Tools ... 528
  • 8.9.1 ... Transport Environment ... 528
  • 8.9.2 ... Transport Master Data ... 529
  • 8.9.3 ... Transport Settings for Planning ... 530
  • 8.9.4 ... Transport Settings for Actual Postings ... 532
  • 8.9.5 ... Transport Assessment/Distribution Cycles ... 533
  • 8.9.6 ... Transport Information System ... 533
  • 8.10 ... Summary ... 534
  • 9 ... Conclusion ... 535
  • ... The Authors ... 539
  • ... Index ... 541